Mario Daniels is a historian of science and technology who teaches the full spectrum of the political, economic, social, and intellectual history of Germany, the United States and Europe in the 20th century. His research focuses on the history of science and technology and the history of knowledge. The central question of his research is how concepts of national security have influenced not only the production, but also the international dissemination of scientific-technological knowledge.

In two book projects, Dr. Daniels explores this question in depth. The first, Dangerous Knowledge: Economic Espionage and the Securitization of Technology Transfers in the 20th Century, compares how the United States and (West) Germany addressed the challenges of illegal technology and knowledge transfers crossing national borders, covering the time period from World War I to the 1990s. The second, Knowledge Regulation and National Security in Postwar America, is a collaboration with John Krige (Georgia Institute of Technology). This project sets out to rewrite the history of the U.S. export control system since 1945, which has usually been analyzed as an instrument of trade policy. The new study will instead address the question of what impact export controls has had on the exchange of scientific-technological knowledge between academic institutions and companies in the U.S. and abroad.

Areas of Expertise:

History of Science and Technology, History of Knowledge, Security Studies, International Relations, Economic History


Dr. phil.     Universität Tübingen

M.A.        Universität Tübingen


Geschichtswissenschaft im 20. Jahrhundert. Institutionalisierungsprozesse und Entwicklung des Personenverbandes an der Universität Tübingen 1918-1964. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2009.

"Controlling Knowledge by Controlling People: Travel Restrictions of US Scientists and National Security in the Early Cold War," Diplomatic History (forthcoming).

"Restricting the Transnational Movement of 'Knowledgeable Bodies': The Interplay of US Visa Restrictions and Export Controls in the Cold War," in How Knowledge Moves: Writing the Transnational History of Science and Technology, ed. by John Krige (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2019).

With John Krige: "Beyond the Reach of Regulation? Basic and Applied Research in Cold War America,“ Technology and Culture 59 (2018): 226-250.

„Brain Drain, innerwestliche Weltmarktkonkurrenz und nationale Sicherheit. Die Kampagne der westdeutschen Chemieindustrie gegen Wissenstransfers in die USA in den 1950er Jahren,“ Vierteljahreshefte für Zeitgeschichte 64:3 (2016), 491-515.

“‘Wirtschaftlicher Landesverrat’ im ‘Wirtschaftskampf gegen Deutschland’“. Die deutsche Chemieindustrie und die Bekämpfung ausländischer Industriespionage in den 1920er Jahren.”  Historischen Zeitschrift 299:2 (2015): 352-383.

“Von ‘Paperclip’ zu CoCom. Die Herausbildung einer neuen US-Technologie- und Wissenspolitik in der Frühzeit des Kalten Krieges (1941-1951).” Technikgeschichte 80 (2013): 209-223.

With Susanne Michl. “Strukturwandel unter ideologischen Vorzeichen. Wissenschafts- und Personalpolitik an der Universität Tübingen 1933-1945.” In Die Universität Tübingen im Nationalsozialismus, edited by Urban Wiesing Klaus-Rainer Brintzinger, Bernd Grün, Horst Junginger, and Susanne Michl, 13-73. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2010.

“Auslandkunde an der Universität Tübingen 1918-1945.” In Die Universität Tübingen im Nationalsozialismus, edited by Urban Wiesing, Klaus-Rainer Brintzinger, Bernd Grün, Horst Junginger, and Susanne Michl, 351-384. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2010.